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*Print out a PDF of the Ergonomic Workstation Card and put it by your desk as a reminder throughout the day

Most Americans average 9+ hours a day sitting and most of those hours are spent in an office chair. Without a proper workspace setup, we’re putting ourselves at risk for a number of health-related issues—from strained eyes, headaches and back aches to carpal tunnel syndrome, stress, musculoskeletal problems and more.

Besides reducing risk of injury and pain, creating an ergonomic workspace may help increase productivity levels and improve your morale!

Here’s a few of our favorite tips:

1.)    Find the right chair

You need to be able to adjust your seat height and your back rest so look for a chair that has those capabilities. It’s also important that you have the ability to swivel so you are not over-extending your body when you reach for items around your desk.

Your chair should be comfortable and provide pelvic support—make sure it includes arm rests and a good, breathable cushion. Placing a BackJoy SitSmart on your chair will naturally support your hips upright and provide a greater level of comfort.

Body alignment: When you sit in your chair, your feet should be flat on the floor, knees bent at 90 degrees with your thighs parallel to the ground. Your chair height should allow your elbows to be bent at 90 degrees for typing. Make sure you aren’t slouching!

2.)    Set up your desk properly

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Adjust the height of your monitor so your eyes are in line with a point on the screen about 2-3 inches below the top of the monitor. Your neck should be neutral—not bending down or craning to look at the screen. Your monitor should be an arm’s length away from where you are sitting.

Place your keyboard so that it’s centered on the desk with the “B” key directly in front of you. Your wrists should be flat when typing. Move your mouse with your elbow, not with your wrist.

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(For more information on proper desk spacing, check out Ergotron’s workspace planner.)The items you use most should be conveniently placed so they’re within comfortable reach.

3.)    Give yourself a break

Ergonomic experts agree that it’s extremely important to take frequent breaks throughout the day. In-between typing, stretch out your arms, wrists and fingers. At least once an hour, stand up and move around the office, go get a drink of water or stretch.

It’s equally important to take rest breaks for your eyes. Follow the 20-20-20 rule. Every twenty minutes, take your eyes away from the computer screen letting them focus for twenty seconds on something that is at least twenty feet away from the monitor. If your monitor is flickering, increase the refresh rate—it will help decrease eye strain.

Consider a standing desk. Standing will give your lower body and back a break from sitting, and you’ll burn more calories!

4.) Environmental conditions

Your environment has a huge impact on how you feel at work and your productivity levels. Sit in well-lit areas, making sure to strategically place lights so the glare on your computer is minimal (this also will help with eye strain) and make sure you have adequate air flow and ventilation.

Noise can cause stress and tension which ultimately leads to a higher risk of injury and other health-related issues. Sit in a place with low noise so you can focus and concentrate on your work rather than your surroundings.